Wood Stove Basics - What Are the Basics of Wood Stove
A wood-burning stove, also called a fire-settle, is an efficient, effective heating appliance capable mainly of burning wood and small wood-based biomass fuel, including sawdust or chips. In most cases the appliance includes a sturdy steel closed box, frequently lined with fire brick, and at least one or several other air controls. Wood-burning stoves can be either open or enclosed. In the latter case, the unit is encased in a protective steel enclosure or a wooden stove frame, with its cooking area located inside. There are several types of wood-burning stoves available, including: wet-fire, dry-fire and combination, electric, gas and coal. In addition, some stoves have a provision for easy loading and unloading firewood.
An air source is needed for a wood-burning stove; most use a fresh air supply, however, there are some stoves that require an oxygenated air supply via a chimney, which may be either open or enclosed. When the stove is used to burn wood, the wood is carried in a flue through an air supply line. The air inside the flue is heated and pushed by a furnace to force it up into the air intake area of the stove, where the wood-burning stove continues to burn. Fresh air is sucked in through a tube from the top of the flue, then the fresh air is forced up the chimney, where it becomes part of the home's ventilation system.
Wood burning stoves can be used for heating, as well as for cooking. They provide both heat and atmosphere, making them very convenient for use as space heaters. Wood-burning stoves also reduce energy consumption in the home, because they consume less fuel than furnaces and other heating appliances. However, a wood-burning stove can only be used as a supplemental heating system, when compared to electric and gas heating systems.